Early Treatment, Interceptive Treatment (Phase I)
Early treatment, before the eruption of all the permanent teeth, can guide erupting teeth into more favorable positions, open and preserve space for permanent teeth, and help avoid trauma to vulnerable front teeth.
Some of the most direct results of interceptive treatment are the following:
- Creating room for crowded, erupting teeth
- Creating facial symmetry through influencing jaw growth
- Preserve space for unerupted teeth
- Reduce the risk of trauma to protruding front teeth
- Improve esthetics and self-esteem
- Reduce the need for tooth removal
- Reduce treatment time with braces later on
- In some cases, less expensive
Phase II Treatment
The second phase (Phase II) of treatment is the finishing phase. At the end of the first phase of treatment, all permanent teeth have not erupted or are not in their final position; the second phase will be initiated when all of the permanent teeth have erupted and is where orthodontic treatment is finalized or completed.
Full or Comprehensive Treatment
This is another name for orthodontic treatment in the permanent dentition at any age. It is more commonly used when a Phase I treatment was not performed. Comprehensive treatment can vary from 18 to 24 months, the majority of orthodontic treatment falls under the category.
Short-term limited treatment is available in situations that don’t need comprehensive treatment and may be performed with braces or removable appliance. This usually only involves a few teeth or one area of the mouth.